RehaCom has evolved since it was first launched 25 years ago. It was developed by therapists and is meant to be used by therapists. RehaCom’s origins date back to 1986 when Professor Hans Regel (Neuropsychologist) first started doing research in the field of attention. Since then, numerous studies and results of research covering diverse areas have proven the effectiveness of RehaCom.
(Additional studies can be found here…)
A Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Study Investigating the Efficacy
of a Working Memory Training During Stroke Rehabilitation
Kim Merle Richter, MSc, Claudia Mödden, MSc, Paul Eling, PhD, Helmut Hildebrandt, Prof. Published online before print April 2, 2014
OBJECTIVES: Memory training in combination with practice in semantic structuring and word fluency has been shown to improve memory performance. This study investigated the efficacy of a working memory training combined with exercises in semantic structuring and word fluency and examined whether training effects generalize to other cognitive tasks.
METHODS: In this double-blind randomized control study, 36 patients with memory impairments following brain damage were allocated to either the experimental or the active control condition, with both groups receiving 9 hours of therapy. The experimental group received a computer-based working memory training and exercises in word fluency and semantic structuring. The control group received the standard memory therapy provided in the rehabilitation center. Patients were tested on a neuropsychological test battery before and after therapy, resulting in composite scores for working memory; immediate, delayed, and prospective memory; word fluency; and attention.
RESULTS: The experimental group improved significantly in working memory and word fluency. The training effects also generalized to prospective memory tasks. No specific effect on episodic memory could be demonstrated.
CONCLUSIONS: Combined treatment of working memory training with exercises in semantic structuring is an effective method for cognitive rehabilitation of organic memory impairment.
A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing 2 Interventions for Visual Field Loss With
Standard Occupational Therapy During Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation
Claudia Mödden, Marion Behrens, Iris Damke, Norbert Eilers, Andreas Kastrup and Helmut Hildebrandt
in Neurorehabil and Neural Repair, DOI: 10.1177/1545968311425927, published on 2 December 2011
OBJECTIVES: Compensatory and restorative treatments have been developed to improve visual field defects after stroke. However, no controlled trials have compared these interventions with standard occupational therapy (OT).
METHODS: A total of 45 stroke participants with visual field defect admitted for inpatient rehabilitation were randomized to restorative computerized training (RT) using computer-based stimulation of border areas of their visual field defects or to a computer-based compensatory therapy (CT) teaching a visual search strategy. OT, in which different compensation strategies were used to train for activities of daily living, served as standard treatment for the active control group. Each treatment group received 15 single sessions of 30 minutes distributed over 3 weeks. The primary outcome measures were visual field expansion for RT, visual search performance for CT, and reading performance for both treatments. Visual conjunction search, alertness, and the Barthel Index were secondary outcomes.
RESULTS: Compared with OT, CT resulted in a better visual search performance, and RT did not result in a larger expansion of the visual field. Intragroup pre–post comparisons demonstrated that CT improved all defined outcome parameters and RT several, whereas OT only improved one.
CONCLUSIONS: CT improved functional deficits after visual field loss compared with standard OT and may be the intervention of choice during inpatient rehabilitation. A larger trial that includes lesion location in the analysisis recommended.
Effect of computer-based cognitive rehabilitation (CBCR) for people with stroke:
A systematic review and meta-analysis
Yu-Jin Cha and Hee Kim in NeuroRehabilitation 32 (2013) 359–368 DOI:10.3233/NRE-130856
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the effect of computer-based cognitive rehabilitation (CBCR) on improving cognitive functions in patients with stroke.
METHODS: Researchers performed a literature search using computerized databases such as the Cochrane Database, EBSCO (CINAHL), PsycINFO, PubMed and Web of Science. The following keywords were used: stroke, computerbased, cognitive rehabilitation, and others. The methodological quality was evaluated. Statistical heterogeneity and standardized mean difference were used to compute the overall effect size and that of subgroups. Also publication bias of the selected studies was analysed.
RESULTS: Twelve studies met the inclusion criteria including a total of 461 stroke survivors. Among studies, six RCT studies were rated as high methodological quality. Overall effect size was medium 0.54, and the 95 % confi dence interval was 0.33–0.74. The effect sizes of acute and chronic phase of stroke were both 0.54. They can be interpreted as medium effect size and were statistically significant. The statistical heterogeneity and publication bias were not signifi cant.
CONCLUSION: The present study provides evidence that CBCR is effective on improving cognitive function after stroke. We recommend conducting meta-analysis on subgroups of CBCR programs in further studies.
JournalOfNeurologicalScience A total of 150 patients with RR MS and an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of ≤ 4 were examined. Information processing, working memory and attention were assessed by the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) and executive functions by the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Twenty patients who scored below certain cut-off measures in both tests were included in this double-blind controlled study. Patients were casually assigned to a study group (SG) or a control group (CG) and underwent neuropsychological evaluation at baseline and after 3 months. Patients in the SG received intensive computerassisted cognitive rehabilitation of attention, information processing and executive functions for 3 months; the CG did not receive any rehabilitation.
Clinical Impact of RehaCom Software for Cognitive Rehabiltation of Patients with
Acquiered Brain Injury
Elízabeth Fernández, María Luisa Bringas, Sonia Salazar, Daymí Rodríguez, María Eugenia García and
Maydané Torres in MEDICC Review, October 2012, Vol 14, No 4
We describe the clinical impact of the RehaCom computerized cognitive training program instituted in the International Neurological Restoration Center for rehabilitation of brain injury patients. Fifty patients admitted from 2008 through 2010 were trained over 60 sessions. Attention and memory functions were assessed with a pre- and posttreatment design, using the Mini-Mental State Examination, Wechsler Memory Scale and Trail Making Test (Parts A and B). Negative effects were assessed, including mental fatigue, headache and eye irritation. The program’s clinical usefulness was confi rmed, with 100% of patients showing improved performance in trained functions..
Efficacy and specificity of intensive cognitive rehabilitation of attention and
executive functions in multiple sclerosis
Mattioli Flavia, Chiara Stampatori , Deborah Zanotti , Giovanni Parrinello and Ruggero Capra in
Journal of the Neurological Sciences 288 (2010) 101–105
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a computer-based intensive training program of attention, information processing and executive functions in patients with clinically-stable relapsing–remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS) and low levels of disability.
DESIGN, PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: A total of 150 patients with RR MS and an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score of ≤ 4 were examined. Information processing, working memory and attention were assessed by the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT) and executive functions by the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Twenty patients who scored below certain cut-off measures in both tests were included in this double-blind controlled study. Patients were casually assigned to a study group (SG) or a control group (CG) and underwent neuropsychological evaluation at baseline and after 3 months. Patients in the SG received intensive computerassisted cognitive rehabilitation of attention, information processing and executive functions for 3 months; the CG did not receive any rehabilitation.
SETTING: Ambulatory patients were sent by the MS referral center. Outcome measures: Improvement in neuropsychological test and scale scores.
RESULTS: After rehabilitation, only the SG significantly improved in tests of attention, information processing and executive functions (PASAT 3 p=0.023, PASAT 2 p=0.004, WCSTte p=0.037), as well as in depression scores (MADRS p=0.01). Neuropsychological improvement was unrelated to depression improvement in regression analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Intensive neuropsychological rehabilitation of attention, information processing and executive functions is effective in patients with RR MS and low levels of disability, and also leads to improvement in depression.
Evaluation of a computer-based neuropsychological training in children with
Attention-Defi cit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Frauke Amonn, Jan Fröhlich, Dieter Breuer, Tobias Banaschewski and Manfred Doepfner in Neuro
Rehabilitation 32 (2013) 555–562 DOI:10.3233/NRE-130877
BACKGROUND: We report the effects of a computer-based neuropsychological training in children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). We hypothesized that a specific training focusing on attentional Dysfunction would result in an improvement of inattention, observable in test performance, behavior and performance during experimental school lessons and in parent and teacher ratings of the related core symptom.
METHOD: We chose a within-subject-control-design with a 4 week baseline period and subsequent 12 to 15 weekly training sessions. 30 children (6 to 13 years old) with a diagnosis of ADHD (ICD 10: F 90.0) and no other co morbidities participated in the study.
RESULTS: The training revealed significant improvement in training parameters of the neuropsychological training and in the symptoms of inattention and deportment as rated during experimental school lessons. However, generalization of training effects as measured by parent and teacher ratings was not detected.
CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that neuropsychological training could be helpful as one adjunct module in the complex treatment of ADHD but to prove clinical value, similar training programs must focus more strongly on individually existing neuropsychological defi cits. Training programs should be more intensive and should eventually be combined with home based training access.
The journal Neuropsychological Rehabilitation has published the results of a study conducted by our interdisciplinary team of experts at the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas. The study found that strategy-based cognitive training significantly improves the cognitive performance, psychological and neural health of those who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI), long after the initial injury.
Study participants who received strategy-based cognitive training saw significant improvement in memory and the ability to think abstractly. They reported a 60% reduction in depressive symptoms as well as an almost 40% reduction in symptoms related to post traumatic stress disorder. Blood flow to the frontal lobe region of the brain--the area responsible for memory, attention, decision-making and problem-solving--also increased significantly following the strategy-based training.